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Mark is a graph advocate and field engineer for Neo Technology, the company behind the Neo4j graph database. As a field engineer, Mark helps customers embrace graph data and Neo4j building sophisticated solutions to challenging data problems. When he's not with customers Mark is a developer on Neo4j and writes his experiences of being a graphista on a popular blog at http://markhneedham.com/blog. He tweets at @markhneedham. Mark is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 534 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Telnet/netcat: Waiting for a Port to be Open

01.22.2013
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On Friday Nathan and I were setting up a new virtual machine and we needed a firewall rule to be created to allow us to connect to another machine which had some JAR files we wanted to download.

We wanted to know when it had been done by one of our operations team and I initially thought we might be able to do that using telnet:

$ telnet 10.0.0.1 8081
Trying 10.0.0.1...
telnet: connect to address 10.0.0.1: Operation timed out
telnet: Unable to connect to remote host

We wanted to put a watch on the command so that it would be repeated every few seconds and indicate when we’d could connect to the port. However, as as far as I can tell there’s no way to reduce the length of the telnet timeout so Nathan suggested using netcat instead.

We ended up with the following command…

$ nc -v -w 1 10.0.0.1 8081
nc: connect to 10.0.0.1 port 8081 (tcp) failed: Connection refused

…which we can then wire up with watch like so:

$ watch "nc -v -w 1 10.0.0.1 8081"
 
Every 2.0s: nc -v -w 1 10.0.0.1 8081                         Sun Jan 20 15:48:05 2013
 
nc: connect to 10.0.0.1 port 8081 (tcp) timed out: Operation now in progress

And then when it works:

Every 2.0s: nc -v -w 1 10.0.0.1 8081                         Sun Jan 20 15:49:53 2013
 
Connection to 10.0.0.1 8081 port [tcp] succeeded!


Published at DZone with permission of Mark Needham, author and DZone MVB. (source)

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