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I specialise MySQL Server performance as well as in performance of application stacks using MySQL, especially LAMP. Web sites handling millions of visitors a day dealing with terabytes of data and hundreds of servers is king of applications I love the most. Peter is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 272 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Accessing Percona XtraDB Cluster nodes in parallel from PHP using MySQL asynchronous queries

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Percona XtraDB Cluster

Accessing Percona XtraDB Cluster nodes in parallel with MySQL asynchronous calls

This post comes from at the MySQL Performance Blog.

This post is followup to Peter’s recent post, “Investigating MySQL Replication Latency in Percona XtraDB Cluster,” in which a question was raised as to whether we can measure latency to all nodes at the same time. It is an interesting question: If we have N nodes, can we send queries to nodes to be executed in parallel?

To answer it, I decided to try a new asynchronous call to send a query to MySQL using a new MySQLnd driver for PHP. In this post I’ll only show how to make these calls, and in following posts how to measure latency to all nodes.

PHP does not provide a way for parallel execution, so this is where an asynchronous call helps. What does this call do? Basically we send a query to MySQL, and we do not wait for result but rather get response later.

The MySQLnd driver has been available since PHP 5.3, and in most part it mimics the standard MySQLi driver and functions it provides. But in addition to that, it also provides a function, mysqli_poll, which unfortunately is marked as “not documented,” however we still can use it — using an example from PHP docs.

So there is my example on how to access Percona XtraDB Cluster nodes in parallel:

$reader_hosts = array( "", "", "", "", "" );


# Establish connections
foreach ($reader_hosts as $i) {
        $mysqli = new mysqli($i, 'root', '', 'test');
        if ($mysqli->connect_error) {
                echo 'Connect Error (' . $mysqli->connect_errno . ') '
                        . $mysqli->connect_error;
                $mysqli->query("SET wsrep_causal_reads=1");

# Run queries in parallel:

foreach ($all_links as $linkid => $link) {
 $link->query("SELECT something FROM tableN WHERE ", MYSQLI_ASYNC);

$processed = 0;
do {
        $links = $errors = $reject = array();
        foreach ($all_links as $link) {
                $links[] = $errors[] = $reject[] = $link;

    # loop to wait on results
    if (!mysqli_poll($links, $errors, $reject, 60)) {
    foreach ($links as $k=>$link) {
        if ($result = $link->reap_async_query()) {
            $res = $result->fetch_row();
            # Handle returned result
        } else die(sprintf("MySQLi Error: %s", mysqli_error($link)));
} while ($processed < count($all_links));

In conclusion, we see that using PHP with MySQLnd drivers we can execute 5 MySQL asynchronous queries in parallel against 5 different nodes of Percona XtraDB Cluster.

Published at DZone with permission of Peter Zaitsev, author and DZone MVB. (source)

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